Article 2320

Title of the article

THE DISCUSSION IN THE PRESS OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY ABOUT THE PLACE AND ROLE OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH IN THE PUBLIC LIFE OF POST-REFORM RUSSIA 

Authors

Karnishina Natal'ya Gennad'evna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, sub-department of Russian history, state and law, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: karnishins@mail.ru 

Index UDK

94(47) 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2020-3-2 

Abstract

Background. A study of the materials of the periodical press of the capital and the province in relation to the status of the Russian Orthodox Church in the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries allow us to understand the position of contemporaries and rethink the significance of the confessional factor during the period of systemic reforms. The research purpose is to study the place of the official Church in post-reform Russia on the basis of the analysis of periodical press materials and works of contemporaries.
Materials and methods. The research was conducted on the basis of archives, memoir literature, materials of the periodical press. Formal-logical, comparativehistorical and content analysis methods were used. In terms of the potential of the social approach, the author has studied the state of various classes of the Russian society in the 1850s and 1890s.
Results. The article settles the main objective – to study the place of Orthodoxy as a state religion in the structure of the Russian state and society of the second half of the 19th century.
Conclusions. The Russian Orthodox Church was firmly embedded in the bureaucratic machinery of the state, and during the preparation and implementation of reforms, it was the spiritual bureaucracy that was relied on as the conductor of the ongoing reforms in the field. How effective such a channel of interaction with the population was can be judged by the reviews of contemporaries and responses in the periodical press. The degree of influence of the Orthodox clergy on the mood of the population varied significantly and directly depended on both the territorial remoteness from the capitals and the ethnoconfessional characteristics of the provinces. 

Key words

pre-revolutionary printing, the spiritual bureaucracy, the Orthodox priest, systemic reform 

 

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References

1. Severnaya pchela [“Severnaya pchela” magazine]. 1862, no. 3, pp. 1–4. [In Russian]
2. Grazhdanin [“Grazhdanin” magazine]. 1877, no. 19, pp. 466–470. [In Russian]
3. Karnishina N. G. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Gumanitarnye nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Humanities]. 2013, no. 2 (26), pp. 5–12. [In Russian]
4. Grazhdanin [“Grazhdanin” magazine]. 1877, no. 14, pp. 360–364. [In Russian]
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10. Grazhdanin [“Grazhdanin” magazine]. 1877, no. 14, pp. 360–364. [In Russian] 

 

Дата создания: 17.11.2020 15:52
Дата обновления: 18.11.2020 11:10